ORGAN PIANO HARPSICHORD
Johann Sebastian Bach was born into a musical family reeeiving his earliest musical instruction from his father and later from his older brother, Johann Christoph. From the beginning of his eareer until 1729 when he became cantor for St. Thomas Church and School and Director of Music for Leipzig, Bach concentrated on composing sacred vocal music. It was during the first years at Leipzig he composed his most impressive sacred cantatas and the St. John and St. Matthew Passions.
Leon Boellmann was a French composer for the organ and piano. He showed promising early talent and was accepted at the age of nine into the Ecole Niedermeyer in Paris. After graduation in 1881 he was employed as choir organist at Sts. Vincent and Paul Church in Paris where, for the remainder of his career he became cantor and chief organist. Boellmann performed all over Europe on piano and organ and is best known for his Suite Gothique with its spectacular Toccata at the end of the organ suite.
Dieterich Buxtehude was a German-Danish organist and lutenist, was a highly regarded composer of the Baroque period. His organ works comprise a central part of the standard organ repertoire and are frequently performed at recitals and church services. He wrote in a wide variety of vocal and instrumental idioms, and his style strongly influenced many composers, including Johann Sebastian Bach and Gustav Mahler. Buxtehude, along with Heinrich Schütz, is considered today to be the most important German composer of the mid-Baroque.
César Franck was born in Li?ge, Belgium to a father from the German-Belgian border and a German mother. He studied at the conservatoire in Li?ge before going to the Paris Conservatoire in 1837. Upon leaving in 1842 he briefly returned to Belgium, but went back to Paris in 1844 and remained there for the rest of his life. Franck made his living by teaching, both privately and institutionally. He also held various posts as organist: at Notre Dame de Lorette, at St Jean-St François. During this time he became familiar with the work of the famous French organ builder Aristide Cavaillé-Coll. In 1858, he became organist at the newly-consecrated Saint Clotilde Basilica, where he remained until his death.
Justin Heinrich Knecht was a German composer, organist, and music theorist.
He was born in Biberach an der Riss, where he learnt to play the organ, keyboard, violin, and singing. He attended a Lutheran collegiate institution in Esslingen am Neckar from 1768 to 1771, when he became Lutheran preceptor and music director in Biberach, which was a free imperial city until 1803, and had a rich cultural life. He became organist of St Martin's church in 1792, which was used simultaneously by Lutherans and Catholics.
Johann Pachelbelwas a prolific composer.After about five years as deputy organist at St Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna (1671-76), and a year as court organist at Eisenach, Pachelbel was appointed to the Predigerkirche at Erfurt in June 1678, where he remained for twelve years. During this time he was outstandingly successful as organist, composer and teacher (his pupils included Johann Christoph Bach) and was twice married. He left Erfurt in 1690 and, after a short period returned to Nuremberg, where he was organist at St Sebald until his death.
Marian Sawa was a Polish organist, composer and teacher. Since 1966 he dedicated his life to teaching at the J. EIsner Secondary School of Music in Warsaw and from 1992 at the Cardinal Wyszynski University. He combined teaching with a busy schedule of performances, both in Poland and abroad and is one of the leading polish composers of organ and liturgical music. The city of Sejny has devoted a festival to his music. Although he recorded many compositions, a large body of his work still remains to be published.
Franz Schubert had an extraordinary childhood aptitude for music, studying the piano, violin, organ, singing and harmony. He also studied composition with Salieri while he was a chorister in the Imperial Court chapel in Vienna. By 1814-15 he had composed a large body of work that included Erlkonig. The Ave Maria was composed in about 1825 for voice and piano and was first published in 1826 as Op. 52 No. 6. The piece was called Ellens dritter Gesang (Ellen's third song) after an excerpt from The Lady of the Lake by Sir Walter Scott and translated into German by Adam Stork. The more widely known version of the song with the full Latin text of the prayer was a later adaptation that outgrew the popularity of the original.
Mieczyslaw Surzynski, the son of an organist, teacher, conductor and brother of three more organists, was the most prominent Polish organ virtuoso and composer of organ music in the Romantic era. In 1902, he won First Prize in an organ competition in St. Petersburg for improvising on "O Holy God," then published it in 1906 to become his best known work.
He was born near Poznan in music family. He received very good music education in Poland , after he continued his studies in Berlin and Leipzig, where he wrote his first compositions. From 1890 he was music director and conductor of Music Society's Orchestra in Poznan, organist in cathedral, famous as organ virtuoso and improviser. In 1891-3 he moved to Liepaja in Latvia, where he leaded church choirs , piano and theory lessons. Next he stayed 8 years in Petersburg, was organist and cantor in cathedral, after he moved to Saratov as professor in Conservatorium, next - in Kiev as choir conductor in St. Alexander Church. Permanently he composed and edited his works by Leuckart, Pustet, June, Gebethner and Wolf. He wrote Messes, Organ Sonata Op.34, Organ Concerto Op.35, School for Organ, many works for organ, piano, choir, chamber music.